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Orang Asli life at Tasik Chini provided by Peter van der Helm.
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 Introduction

The material in this example of Indigenous Knowledge is provided by kind permission of Peter van der Helm, a Dutch University teacher whose wife is from an Orang Asli group.

 Background

The Orang Asli community around Tasik Chini is a mixture of mainly the Jakun and Semelai subgroups. They practise consensus politics with equal rights for men and women. Their traditional hunter-gatherer life-style is now gradually being replaced by a more modern life-style.

 Health

 Physiotherapy

1.  Preparation

A Physiotherapist can help with torn or strained muscles. He is always treated with respect and courtesy, (based on my experience in Fiji), and an appointment is made for a time when he is available. Payment is made by barter with a commodity which is mutually acceptable.
2.  Taking Treatment

Take the previously-agreed payment, which must be wrapped as a sign of courtesy and presented to the Physiotherapist before treatment begins
3.  Closing Ceremony

Closing CeremonyThis picture shows the physiotherapist (Tukang urut) Awang bin Chot, performing the Closing Ceremony,(memutus).

 Music

1.  A Healing Song

A Healing SongThis picture shows a performance of a Healing Song (lagu berobat) called "Dayang Wani", and the drummer in the background providing accompaniment.

 Tools

1.  Blowpipes

The material in this Section is from the Sarawak Cultural Village Web Site.
It refers to the Penan people, a shy nomadic people who live in the dense virgin jungles of Central Borneo.
1.1  Making a Blowpipe

Using a Blowpipe A wood beam of adequate length is fixed in a drilling platform, and then bored through patient manual labour. The pipe is trimmed by axe and knife, and finally polished. The bore is smoothed and ground by pulling lengths of rattan through it.
Blowpipe ammunition is a softwood plug tipped with a hardwood dart. Blowpipe poison, carefully dosed to suit the prey, is made from the sap of the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).
1.2  Using a Blowpipe

Using a Blowpipe The Penan warrior on the art of shooting with the blowpipe says :-
"Do not blow from your mouth. Blow from your chest and your stomach."
2.  Harpoon

2.1  Making a Harpoon

Making a Harpoon A 3-tooth Harpoon (serampang) is used for killing fish in the lake. This picture shows Seman bin Samad welding a harpoon.
2.2  Teaching how to make a Harpoon

Teaching how to make a Harpoon This picture shows Seman bin Samad showing his son Abu how to make a harpoon.

 Transport

1.  Canoes

1.1  Making a Canoe

Digging out a CanoeThis picture shows a Canoe (pradu) being made.
1.2  Using a Canoe

Using a Canoeand being used on Lake Chini.

 Environment

Tasik Chini Lake For matching sounds, listen to this recording by Art Simon of birds, crickets and other wild life, made in 2000 in Taman Negara (Malaysia's National Park).
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